rawphoto9Musa Khan Jalalzai
(Security Expert)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 17 February 2019.

Note: The article reflects the opinion of the author and not necessarily the views of the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS).

Intelligence organizations of the twenty first century make outstretched distinction between operations, analysis, and functions. Field officers collect intelligence, analysts analyze information, and processors categorize it to help policy makers in designing military strategies. Any civilian or military government that wants to professionalize its intelligence infrastructure, and prevent it from decaying needs statecraft, which is comprised of economic power, and a strong military force and mature diplomacy. The case is quite different in India and Pakistan, where emerging contradictions in the state system, ethnic and sectarian divide, and failure of intelligence and internal security strategies generated a countrywide debate, in which experts deeply criticised the waste of financial resources by their intelligence agencies in an unnecessary proxy war in South Asia. Intelligence reform in India has been the most controversial issue as reform committees have been hijacked by political and bureaucratic stakeholders...Read more

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