PIRACY IN THE HORN OF AFRICA AND POSSIBLE OUTCOMES OF THE HIGH RISK AREA REVISION
(Security Analyst, Postgraduate from the Department of War Studies, King's College London, UK)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 October 2015
The phenomenon of piracy attacks in the Horn of Africa against commercial vessels by mostly Somali-based pirates is not a new one. From 2008 to 2012 this kind of assaults presented an excessive incline creating a major problem for international commercial shipping in this part of East Africa and onwards. The continuous instability in this area and the strong feeling of insecurity and anxiety of the seafarers sailing through this route and especially in the Gulf of Aden created a certain necessity for some official anti-piracy action. Under those circumstances a specific region has been characterized as the Piracy High Risk Area and detailed instructions have been issued for the ships that would approach it.... Read more
ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA AND THE BOKO HARAM MENACE
(RIEAS Senior Analyst)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 29 March 2015)
Elections have always been high-stakes affairs in Nigeria but the build-up to the 2015 elections has been accompanied by unprecedented levels of tension and anxiety. Two closely matched parties—the People's Democratic Party (PDP) of President Goodluck Jonathan and the opposition All Progressives Congress (APC) led by General Muhammadu Buhari—appear confident of securing victory. The national elections in 2011 accelerated the general northern alienation from the Abuja government that feeds Boko Haram...Read more
INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION, ANALYSIS AND REPORTING OF TERRORIST GROUPS: A STUDY ON EFFECTIVENESS
(Postgraduate Student, Intelligence and Security Studies,Brunel University, UK)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 23 March 2015
This article examines in what degree, the conduct of intelligence by paramilitary groups resemble or differ from national intelligence. Paramilitary is a militarised force whose function, is similar to a professional military but is not considered part of a state's formal armed forces. Specifically, this essay will focus on terrorist intelligence. It will trace different terrorist groups, examining the basic rational and doctrine that precedes its operational actions. The article will prove that the level of sophistication and meticulously planning of operations of a lot of sub-state groups can be compared with this of their state counterparts. While some "hostile reconnaissance" is amateurish, and easily detected, a significant amount is professional and very difficult to detect. It seems that a lot of sub state actors have learned that in order for an operation to be successful, good intelligence plays a vital role. The article will analyse and explore the doctrine, intentions and organization of well-known terrorist and paramilitary groups: Al-Qaeda, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), (Irish Republican Army) IRA, and Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC)...Read more
BOOK REVIEW: MORTEN STORM WITH PAUL CRUICHSHANK & TIM LISTER, “AGENT STORM: MY LIFE INSIDE AL QAEDA AND THE CIA (2014)”
By Ioannis Mantzikos
(PhD candidate at the Free State University of South Africa & RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: http://warontherocks.com/2014/11/joining-and-betraying-al-qaeda-a-how-to-guide/ Publication Date on RIEAS (www.rieas.gr) on 5 March 2015
Agent Storm feels like a James Bond story or one of John Le Carre's marvelous spy-thrillers. Yet, the story written by CNN's Paul Cruickshank and Tim Lister is a true account. The journey of Morten Storm provides valuable insights into high-stakes intelligence operations, as well as the social issues surrounding radicalization and extremism. It is a first-rate account of how a troubled young Danish Christian, with a history of petty criminality, incarceration and drug use converted to Islam and entered into its most extremist jihadi circles in Denmark and Britain, ultimately becoming a trusted member of al-Qaeda (AQ). Storm represents the highest level of Western intelligence penetration of AQ's most dangerous affiliate – al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, or AQAP...Read more
CANADIAN AND BRITISH POLICY TOWARD RETURNING FOREIGN FIGHTERS: A MISSED OPPORTUNITY FOR COUNTERING ISLAMIC STATE’S NARRATIVE?
(PhD candidate at the Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, located at the University of St. Andrews. His doctoral research focuses on the historical antecedents, and the evolution of, modern terrorism. He holds a Masters of Arts in International Affairs (Conflict Analysis) and a Bachelors of Arts in Directed Interdisciplinary Studies (Security Studies) from Carleton University, Canada).
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date on 31 January 2015.
In recent months, western intelligence officials and policy makers have been continuing to grow increasingly concerned that a new wave of terrorism will soon sweep over Europe, driven by the civil war in Syria and the continuing instability in Iraq. Many of these concerns stem from upwards of 3,000 foreign fighters travelling from Western countries to swell the ranks of the Islamic State (IS) and the fear of 'blowback' ("Islamic State crisis," 2014). Ultimately, the concern is that westerners who have joined the Islamic State will return further radicalized, battle-hardened, and influenced by extensive radical networks and that they might be more likely to commit terrorist attack on their home soil. The recent attacks on the Jewish Museum in Brussels, allegedly committed by a French national returning from fighting in Syria, seems to confirm that these fears may indeed be founding in reality.... Read more
THE TERROR ATTACKS IN PARIS: TIP OF THE ICEBERG OR A PASSING EPISODE?
(An expert on international terrorism and head of the INSS Program on Terrorism and Low Intensity Conflict, has been a researcher at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), which incorporated the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies (JCSS), since February 2003, following a distinguished career in the Israeli intelligence community as well as in the academic world).
(A senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies, served as director of INSS from July 2008 to November 2011, following a long career in Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other government positions).
Copyright: The Institute for National Security Studies (INSS-no 654), Israel
The shock that gripped France following the terrorist attacks in Paris in early January 2015 will probably wane as time passes. Similarly, the urgency assigned to effective handling of the danger originating on the battlefields of Syria and Iraq that threatens Western democracies will likely decline. The need to take up the challenge will be postponed to a time when the leaders of Western countries have no choice but to deal with it directly, on a broad scale, and perhaps violently. Presumably only a chain of exceptional events, i.e., showcase terrorist attacks that cause a large number of casualties, will unequivocally highlight the risk incurred in not stepping up the military struggle against the challenge to the West posed by the Islamic State organization... Read more