RIEAS | Research Institute for 
European and American Studies

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Tsirigotis Anthimos Alexander
(Researcher, M.Sc International and European Studies in the University of Piraeus, Greece)

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At the dawn of the 21st century, “cyber” seems to have become the common prefix of every human activity expressing the tendency of people towards networking. Cyber world has emerged in parallel with the real world and its dynamic is so intense that many pundits consider it to be the fifth dimension in addition to land, sea, air and space. States throughout the world have expressed their vested interest in “armoring” their cyber dimension against intruders who intend to harm their vital interests. Networks of any nature (as for instance financial, political and social) have emerged as tools in the hands of anyone willing to take part in them regardless of their country of origin, mother tongue, religious belief or race. They seem to be supranational and many analysts describe networks as virtual societies that exist even though they cannot be defined using real life terms such as land or frontiers. It is interesting to think that many people spend a big part of their day “surfing” the virtual world rather than the real one. They are interlocutors in a worldwide chatting room of a society without borders, without limitations and with free flow of information; citizens of a virtual society with no or limited physical touch. This paper focuses on another aspect of cyber, laying emphasis on its societal dimension and potential to lead to worldwide reordering of power. It is suggested that cyber stems directly from societies and that it involves a different way of international societal organization. Cyber is not considered to be just a technological breakthrough. Instead, it is viewed as the next step to international organization. As chaotic and anarchical as it may be, cyber space is alleged to be the next form of international order. Read more

The Master's Degree (MA) in “Counter Terrorism and Security Studies” is organized by the University Campus of Pomezia, Italy in collaboration with the University LUM Jean Monnet.

The Master Degree aims at being an innovative graduate program that will provide students with an advanced knowledge, allowing them to succeed and advance in their educational and career goals.

The M.A. in Counter-Terrorism and Security Studies will combine 433 hours of academic lectures, 72 hours of laboratory sessions and workshops, 715 hours of individual study and research, and a 280 hours internship (in one of the international Research Centre around the world in connection with us), in a total of 1500 hours. Furthermore, the M.A. will be taught entirely in English language.  Read more: MASTER DEGREE PROGRAM

Dimitrios Anagnostakis
(PhD Candidate in transatlantic relations, Department of Politics and International relations, University of Nottingham, UK)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Note: Dimitrios Anagnostakis received his MSc in Intelligence and Strategic Studies in Aberystwyth University, UK.

During the last years both academics and practitioners have argued for greater cooperation between the member states of European Union (EU) in the field of intelligence (Heinrich, 2006; Nomikos, 2005, p.201; Segell, 2004, p.82). The transnational nature of most of the current threats to European security (such as international organized crime, terrorism, illegal immigration and drug trafficking) implies that the member states should enhance their cooperation in areas which are placed at the heart of national sovereignty (Coosemans, 2004, p.6). Read more

Ioannis Chapsos
(Commander, Hellenic Navy (PhD Cand), Hellenic Supreme Joint War College Instructor, Global Security specialist)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

The 1994 United Nations Human Development Report  (UNHDR) introduced a new security approach, broadened and deepened beyond the stratum of the state, putting emphasis on the security of human beings per se and the web of their social and economic relations. The concept of this form of security, the human security, goes beyond military threats; Read more

Dr. Antonio Díaz
(Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Burgos, Spain)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

At the structural level, Spanish intelligence after transition to democracy came about without a prior blueprint, and was turned into a hotchpotch of bureaucracies (Defence, Interior, and Foreign Affairs) that competed for this emerging area of the Administration dedicated to intelligence and information gathering. Up until about 1995, enormous strains and overlapping responsibilities were evident, while attempts by the Prime Minister’s office to establish order and assign specific tasks to the different agencies were to no avail. Although the idea of coordination and of having an Intelligence Community (IC) appeared in political speeches as long ago as 1976, the first time that Spain attempted to give some real substance to the idea was in the mid-1980s.

Dr. Andrew Liaropoulos
(RIEAS Senior Analyst and Lecturer in Piraeus University)

Dr. Ioannis Konstantopoulos
(RIEAS Research Associate and Lecturer in Piraeus University)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Over the last decade, the intelligence community is facing without a doubt, many challenges. The international environment has transformed and is more complex compared to the one that shaped the intelligence services during the Cold War era. The need to provide timely and sound intelligence has increased and the request for intelligence reform seems imperative. Governments have decided to outsource part of their intelligence needs, but this choice raises some critical questions: Are governments turning national security into business? Ιs the private sector in a position to penetrate the intelligence community and thereby spin intelligence and downgrade the role of intelligence agencies?   

Dr. Andrew Liaropoulos
(RIEAS Senior Analyst and Lecturer at the University of Piraeus, Greece)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr 

Over the last two decades there is a growing body of literature over exploiting cyberspace for offensive and defensive purposes. Cyber-conflict is after all the newest mode of warfare and cyber-weapons have been described as weapons of mass disruption. The Information Revolution has transformed not only the way society functions, but also the way war is conducted and a new type of conflict that takes place in cyberspace has emerged. Cyber-conflict is one of the greatest threats to international security and has become a part of modern warfare. Cyber-attacks are rapid; they cross borders and can serve both strategic and tactical goals. Militaries and terrorist groups now have the capability to launch cyber-attacks not only against military networks, but also against critical infrastructures that depend on computer networks. 

Dr. Joseph Fitsanakis
(Teaches politics and history at King College, USA. He is Senior Editor of intelNews.org)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Last February, Spain’s intelligence services began investigating alleged suspicious efforts by foreign financial speculators to destabilize the Spanish economy. According to newspaper El País, the Spanish government asked the country’s Centro Nacional de Inteligencia to probe links between speculative moves in world financial markets and a series of damaging editorials “in the Anglo-Saxon media”(01).

John M. Nomikos, Director of the Research Institute for European and American Studies, laments the lack of cooperation among intelligence services in the Balkans, notes a lack of cooperation in that area and an unwillingness to share information, which only benefits international terrorists. (page 9), Read more
Examinations of the European Union response to the threat of jihadist terrorism in Europe tend to encompass these policies with the vague label of “EU Counter-Terrorism.” This paper contends that such approach ignores the fact that the impact and influence of the European Union as a counter-terror actor diverges profoundly across the different dimensions of the response. Read more.


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