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Daniel Little
(RIEAS Senior Advisor)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Time and repetition conditions consumers of news and other media to believe that the U.S. military presence was always intent to move into places like Iraq and Afghanistan.  For those twenty or younger, this is all they have known.  For those that are older, the idea that the Cold War’s end would facilitate the expansion of the U.S., not to mention NATO to such places was never assumed.  Rather than re-engage issues such as access to energy, denial of safe havens to terrorists, human rights or even international development, the notion of ‘self-preservation’ in one’s own national interest has not been as thorough of late as we would like to believe.   To be sure, the U.S. military has a plan for everything....  Read more

Keshav Mazumdar
(Certified Master Antiterrorism Specialist & RIEAS Member of International Advisory Board)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

In the case of classical intelligence methods and indications-and-warning intelligence, knowledge of enemy capabilities was the focal point of interest at the tactical level, while knowledge of the enemy’s intentions was paramount at the strategic level. Based on the need of the information intelligence requirements, order of battle intelligence and indications as well as warning indications and criteria were developed. But as regards to counterterrorism, this is not entirely applicable. Here we are interested in early determination of both the intention and capabilities of the terrorist group. Hence the skillful adaptation instead of adoption of classical intelligence methodology and indications and warning intelligence is the required need.    

Dr. Panayotis A. Yannakogeorgos
(Cyber defense analyst at the Air Force Research Institute)

Note: The views expressed are his own and do not necessarily reflect those of the Air University or U.S. Air Force Research Institute.

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Throughout its history, airpower has remained a cornerstone of the NATO Alliance and will remain so well into the future. The geostrategic environment NATO will face in the 21st century is certain to bring new threats and opportunities that diverge significantly from those it faced in the 20th century. What is needed is a common framework within which partners can tackle emerging threats. One such area is in responding to cyber threats. In order to be ready for any future, Airmen across the Alliance must adapt their understanding of cyberpower to conform to the needs of the evolving technological trends and their influence on the global security environment to ensure that our Alliance and our individual nations continue to enjoy the benefits of freedom and security. Doing this in a time of constrained resources and gaps in political will be challenging. .....  Read more

Alojz Šteiner
(Major General, General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces) 

Copyright: www.rieas.gr


The Alliance has entered the second decade of the third millennium with a New Strategic Concept, which is to respond to new-domain challenges. In this respect, the NATO’s Strategic Concept could also be called a »cyber concept«, owing to the age we are about to enter. It could also be considered transformational with regard to the second transformational decade. The need for reform and further transformation is clearly emphasized, with the economic crisis as a special factor. Transformational changes have, of course, not been conceived as the changes for the poor. The implementation of novelties requires resources and it is mainly the latter that enable the introduction of new technologies and solutions. We therefore claim that transformation represents a challenge for everybody, but is also attainable for everybody. All this also reflects at a national level, although very often in different forms. Both views are very much relevant with regard to the preparations for NATO Summit in Chicago this year. The article presents certain transformational challenges of the Alliance and their influence on national defence and military sphere. In this respect, the reflections about further development of Slovenian defence and military system focus on the answers to transformational challenges. The central message of the reflections contained in the paper intends to clarify the needs and opportunities for changes. This is also one of the prerequisites for a successful implementation of transformational challenges.......  Read more

(The McFB – Was Ist Das?)

Anis H. Bajrektarevic,
(Professor, Chairman Intl Law & Global Political Studies, University of Applied Sciences IMC-Krems, Austria, and RIEAS Member of International Advisory Board)

* First published by the US Journal of Foreign Relations (January 2012)

Copyright: Annis H. Bajrektarevic on line

Ever since, years ago, I coined the expression “McFB way of life” and particularly since my intriguing FB articles (Is there life after Facebook I and II) have been published, I was confronted with numerous requests to clarify the meaning. My usual answer was a contra-question: If humans hardly ever question fetishisation or oppose the (self-) trivialization, why then is the subsequent brutalization a surprise to them?

Not pretending to reveal a coherent theory, the following lines are my instructive findings, most of all on the issue why it is time to go home and search for a silence. 

Largely drawing on the works of the grand philosophers of the German Classicism and Dialectic Materialism, it was sociologist Max Weber who was the first – among modern age thinkers – to note that the industrialized world is undergoing a rapid process of rationalization of its state (and other vital societal) institutions. This process – Weber points out – is charac-terized by an increased efficiency, predictability, calculability, and control over any ‘threat’ of uncertainty. Hereby, the uncertainty should be understood in relation to the historically unstable precognitive and cognitive human, individual and group, dynamics. A disheartened, cold and calculative over-rationalization might lead to obscurity of irrationality, Weber warns. His famous metaphor of the iron cage or irrationality of rationality refers to his concern that extremely rationalized (public) institution inevitably alienates itself and turns dehumanized to both those who staff them and those they serve, with a tiny upper caste of controllers steadily losing touch of reality. ....   Read more

BG (ret’d) Ioannis (John) Galatas, MD, MA (Terr), MC (Army)
(RIEAS-CBRN Scientific Coordinator & Editor, CBRNE-Terrorism Newsletter)

BG (ret’d) Ioannis (John) Galatas participated in a workshop on Urban Crisis: Emergency Lessons, Response, Training and Technologies for the Digital Age, and delivered a lecture on “Two Olympiads Eight Years Apart (Athens 2004- London 2012) in the Serious Games Institute, University of Coventry, London Campus, (Nov 17, 2011). ....  Read more

Sandro Bologna
(President, Italian Association of Critical Infrastructures)

Copyright: www.infrastrutturecritiche.it

This note summarizes some of the findings of the EU – CIPS co-funded project National and European Information Sharing and Alert System (NEISAS).

Public – private partnerships are becoming a popular mode of tackling large and complex problems. The idea has recently emerged in national as well as international policy discussions. Yet the new partners in these initiatives are strangers to each other in many ways. And we are still learning about how best to manage these partnerships. We know little about the conditions when partnerships succeed and about the strategies for structuring partnerships.

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Το Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS)- Ερευνητικό Ινστιτούτο Ευρωπαικών και Αμερικανικών Μελετών δημοσιεύει  Εγχειρίδιο Επικοινωνίας σε Τρομοκρατικές Κρίσεις της SAFE COOMS για Δημόσιες Αρχές. 

Συνολικά, το εγχειρίδιο (Manual) περιέλαβε συνεντεύξεις με περισσότερους από εκατό ανθρώπους με εμπειρία σε τρομοκρατικά γεγονότα. Οι συμμετέχοντες μίλησαν για τις δύσκολες συνθήκες που αντιμετώπισαν στη διάρκεια συγκεκριμένης τρομοκρατικής επίθεσης. Τα διορατικά και λεπτομερή τους σχόλια αποτέλεσαν για την ερευνητική ομάδα πλούσια πηγή δεδομένων προς ανάλυση.

Dimitri C. Tsitos
(Author – Negotiations Consultant)


Following the recent events and activities, and the highly significant outcomes, in the Arab –for the most part- world a very interesting question arises in reference with “what is happening in Greek politics and what is going to happen, and how can be the situation by the social media”.

Firstly we will try to give a very concise idea of what social media is:"Social media essentially is a category of online media where people are talking, participating, sharing, networking, and bookmarking online."

Andrew Liaropoulos (PhD)
(RIEAS Senior Analyst)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Over the past two decades, the term ‘soft power’ is one of the most contested concepts in international relations. It is widely used in the international relations’ literature and lists as one of the most popular clichés for policymakers. Despite the growing body of literature on the topic and the numerous policies that assert some use of soft power elements, there is still no agreement on what exactly soft power is, how it works and how to measure its effectiveness.


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