WHAT’S NEXT FOR US-RUSSIA RELATIONS IN 2015?
RD Exclusive: Top experts in Russia and U.S. give us their take on what to expect from the U.S.-Russia relationship in the year ahead.
Copyright: http://www.russia-direct.org – Publication on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 18 January 2015
As the year draws to a close, it is customary for Russia Direct to poll experts about the prospects for U.S.-Russian relations in the coming year. In 2014, the military confrontation in the southeast of Ukraine and Crimea's incorporation into Russia prompted the West to impose sanctions against Russia and sharply aggravated U.S.-Russian relations. There was even talk of a new Cold War..Read more
NEED FOR REFORMING THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL: IMPROVEMENT OF THE SANCTION MECHANISMS AND WORKING METHODS
(PhD Candidate at MGIMO University, Russia &
Expert at the Center for Strategic Studies (SAM), Baku, Azerbaijan)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 6 January 2015
Modern international relations after World War II have been characterized by the increasing role of international institutions acting as regulating mechanisms of international affairs. Being the most representative forum for discussions among the states on the issues of international concerns the United Nations not only occupies a central place in the system of international organizations, but also plays a crucial role in the contemporary international development and its Charter is a foundation of modern international law, a kind of universally accepted code of conduct of states and their relationships....Read more
EUROPE AND AMERICA ARE FIGHTING ON ISLAM’S TERRITORY
Dr. Glen Segell
(Fellow – The Ezri Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies,University of Haifa, Israel)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 9 November 2014
The Southern flank of Europe is the Mediterranean Sea. It is a small sea and many countries rely on the freedom of both sea and air traffic for their economy. On the one hand there was optimism that the Arab Spring would bring greater freedom for the individual in countries on the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea. There was further optimism that the North African countries of Tunisia, Libya and Egypt would become closer partners in all matters with the countries on the northern shores of the Mediterranean Sea such as Greece, Italy and France. This has not emerged because the waning of the dictatorial regimes in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt have also enabled radical and extremist Islamic groups to emerge and grow in strength. If only the phenomena were restricted to these countries then perhaps the fledgling radical movements could be contained. However they reflect a more wider global phenomena that endangers European and American security.... Read more
PORTUGUESE INTELLIGENCE SERVICE: AN OVERVIEW
(Postgraduate Researcher of the Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies, Brunel University, (UK) and Research Associate of the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS), Athens, Greece.
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) based in Athens, Greece. (Publication Date: 22 June 2014)
The tensions between intelligence and democracy can never be entirely resolved. In new and relatively new democracies like Portugal, the relationship between the intelligence organizations of the state and democracy appears to be delicate. Areas such as the interagency cooperation, the oversight mechanisms of the state, the role of the police and the military appear to be quite subtle. Owing to cultural constraints, resistance to change may arise in (relatively) new democracies. Past legacies hold the Portuguese intelligence community (IC) behind from democratizing itself quickly and effectively....
THE CRIMEA CRISIS Q&A: IS IT WORTH ANOTHER COLD (OR HOT) WAR?
(RIEAS Academic Advisor based in Seattle, USA)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) based in Athens, Greece. (Publication Date: 23 March 2014)
Crimea has voted overwhelmingly to break away from the Ukraine and join Mother Russia. Mr. Putin has declared Crimea a part of Russia. Should this be cause for a generalized crisis between Moscow and the West with undertones of Cold War-like “punitive action” against the Russians?
From the outset of this crisis the West’s clamoring for “punishing” Russia over this “breach of international law” appeared lukewarm to anyone watching closely the capitals of both the US and Europe. As usual, opponents of Russian “aggression” against the Ukraine waved various tomes of international legal text like broadswords in an obvious effort to appear holding the higher moral ground. However, to the eyes of somber observers -- but, also, many ‘average’ citizens, who pay attention to international news -- these (not so convincing) belligerent calls sounded hypocritical, to say the least..... Read more
FINNISH INTELLIGENCE SERVICE: AN OVERVIEW
Dr. Juho Kotakallio
Dr. Juho Kotakallio
(Licentiate of Philosophy from the University of Helsinki, Finland.
His PhD research focuses on British intelligence and Finland 1918–1941)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS) – www.rieas.gr - based in Athens, Greece – (Date of Publication: 22 February 2014)
Intelligence organizations can be considered a necessary part of the state. They operate in symbiosis with governments and have to adapt to current political situations, budgets and other changing elements. Finnish intelligence services can be traced to the First World War, when the Finnish activists, who were working against Russia, established an intelligence bureau in Stockholm, Sweden. The Russia gendarme administration observed activist and other separatist movements. The period under Russian rule, the independence of Finland in 1917 and especially the Civil War in 1918 had impact on Finnish intelligence....Read more
THE EVOLUTION OF TRANSLATLANTIC TERRORISM AND THE CASE OF EUROPE
Stathis Katopodis (MA)
(RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS) - www.rieas.gr – based in Athens, Greece (Date of Publication: 25 January 2014)
National Security is one of the ingredients of safeguarding peace and prosperity within a society. However, as the Global Village grows, new threats and challenges emerge and the fight against them is nothing less than constant. With international terrorism rising, 9/11 and the bombing attacks in Madrid and London were the events that called for immediate security changes in the transatlantic world..... Read more
IN DEFENCE OF CROSS-FERTILIZATION:EUROPE AND ITS IDENTITY CONTRADICTIONS
(Graduated in comparative literature from the University of Ljubljana and received his Ph.D. in Social Thought from Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, New York.)
Copyright: Ales Debeljak on line
Where does Europe end? The question of boundary has been discussed for quite some time. It is an old one indeed, going back to the destruction of the Jewish temple, the disintegration of the Greek city-states, and the collapse of the Roman Empire. This is what provides historical material for the narrative of what it means to be a European today. The idea of uniting various European lands is also an old one and has seen many different incarnations. One of them was captured well by Charlemagne's motto: Renovatio Imperii Romani or Reconstruction of the Roman Empire. After his kingdom disintegrated, numerous fiefdoms sprung up in its wake. ...... Read more
STATE INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES AND THE FAR RIGHT: A REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS IN GERMANY, HUNGARY AND AUSTRIA
This briefing paper draws comparisons between neo-Nazi criminal activities in Germany, Hungary and Austria involving murder and/or other serious crimes, with evidence of state collusion in each…. Read more
FUTURE OF EUROPE (Of Lisbon and Generational Interval)
Anis H. Bajrektarevic
(Geopolitics of Energy Editorial Member, Professor and Chairperson for Intl. Law & Global Pol. Studies, Vienna, Austria)
Copyright: Anis H. Bajrektarevic on line
The EU of social welfare or of generational warfare, the continent of debt-bound economies or of knowledge-based community? Is the predatory generation in power? Europe’s redemption lies in the re-affirmation of the Lisbon Strategy of 2000, a ten-year development plan that focused on innovation, mobility and education, social, economic and environmental renewal. Otherwise a generational warfare will join class and ethnic conflicts as a major dividing line of the EU society in decline......... Read more