MOROCCO’S JOURNEY INTO DEMOCRACY
(Author, Professor and President of the South North Centre for Intercultural Dialogue in Fez, Morocco)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 6 September 2014
The recent political history of Morocco up to the 1990s consisted of the late King Hassan II endeavors to consolidate the power of the monarchy. King Mohammed VI took the throne in 1999 with a promise to make a change and "turn the page" on the worst cruelties of the past.
The "Arabic Spring" in Morocco was soft since February 20 movement was a peaceful democratic pressure group. In response to the protests, King Mohammed VI, in his speech of March 9th 2011, proposed a reform of the constitution which would guarantee a separation of powers, decentralization, good governance, human rights and gender equality. The new constitution passed on 1 July 2011 recognizes Berbers' mother tongue as an official language side by side with Standard Arabic for the first time in Moroccan history.... Read more
FIXING LIBYA’S BROKEN TRANSITION
(Consultant of Arab Politics, Governance and Democratisaton)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 27 August 2014
Many eulogies have been written for the post-Qaddaffi Libyan state since the heavy fighting - which has been sporadically subsuming different parts of the country since independence - engulfed the capital Tripoli in July.
Libya's popular characterisation as a 'failed state' is not baseless. Having failed to re-vamp Qaddafi's political structure of destructive competition and power through patronage; Libya's transitional political bodies have gradually ceased to play any constructive role in the lives of the populace. Transitional legislatures have repeatedly failed to pass laws to arrest the slide into instability and the lack of services; and the executive has proven itself unable to enforce the few which are passed....... Read more
INTELLIGENCE AND BUILDING OF DEMOCRACY IN JORDAN
(RIEAS Senior Advisor and Associate at the CSS, University of Jordan)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 27 August 2014)
The relationship between democracy and the character of secret intelligence presents a composite two-sided puzzle. On the one side, the very concept of democracy demands that an intelligence agency serves democratic interests by providing one country's security and preparedness against potential threats both internal and external. The core notion is that a stronger country can turn itself into a heaven where democracy can continue to be practiced. On the other side, intelligence investigative methods in many countries occur outside the context of democratic control and oversight mechanisms, thus surfacing an inherent conflict..... Read more
“ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE PROCESS: ENDLESS OR ENDGAMES?”
Don Wallace, Jr.
Mohammed Alhussaini Alsharif
(Publication Date at RIEAS web site: 03/08/2014)
Professor Yonah Alexander
Director, Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies
As this report goes to press, the world once again has been facing an alarming upsurge of threats to peace in the form of terrorism, insurgencies, and outbreaks of full-scale wars. Some of the expanding manifestations of violence have been aggravated by ideological extremism, nationalistic fanaticism, ethnic hatred, racial prejudices, religious animosities and justified in the name of “rights,” “justice” and even “peace.” The current security challenges include the renewed Palestinian-Israeli hostilities in Gaza, the apparent “Balkanization” of Syria and Iraq, and Iran’s continued nuclear ambitions... Read more
(Founder and Editor in Chief of Israel Defense Magazine - an international magazine on Israeli military and defense affairs. He is a former military correspondent and commentator, an author and research associate at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA) of Bar-Ilan University)
Copyright: http://www.israeldefense.com (Publication Date on RIEAS web site: 10 May 2014)
The IDF Military Intelligence Directorate (Aman), Mossad and ISA have recently undergone far-reaching changes. The most significant changes were introduced in the IDF Military Intelligence Directorate, where almost 1,000 officers changed positions and the organizational structure has been revolutionized.
Q & A: CYPRUS, GREECE, ISRAEL, US AND ENERGY IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN
(RIEAS Academic Advisor based in Seattle, USA)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) based in Athens, Greece. (Publication Date: 12 April 2014)
In recent years, energy, and its connection to security and stability in the Eastern Mediterranean, has increasingly occupied headlines. To say the least, the geographical area in question is pregnant with risks of major upheavals, including armed conflict of which Syria is the current glaring example. What would be a simplified -- if we are allowed to use the term -- outline of the major concerns emerging against the backdrop of oil and gas exploration and current strains and stresses in the region?
It takes courage to use the term “simplified” about a vortex that continues to threaten international peace and security. With the Middle East crisis as the perennial backdrop, countries like Cyprus, Greece, and Israel are developing mutual ties in order to proceed with exploiting energy discoveries in their respective seas. But, of course, nothing is simple in the Levant. Turkey continues to flex its muscles under the increasingly strident leadership of PM Erdogan, who misses no opportunity to declare Turkey’s unilateral “rights” in every direction. A nascent strategic partnership between Greece and Israel has been affected by Greece’s economic collapse and repeated external bailouts. Cyprus remains divided, with Turkey occupying its northern part and demanding a “re-united” island under a federated state that recognizes the Turkish minority as an equal partner of the majority Greek population and, effectively, legitimizes the results of the 1974 Turkish invasion of the island without any meaningful settlement. In the immediate background, the US is concerned with maintaining peace in the region and promoting American oil interests already developing in the Levant. At the end of the day, there is unfortunately nothing “simplified” about this mind-boggling situation.... Read more
HOW A MEDDLESOME AND SHORT-SIGHTED WESTERN FOREIGN POLICY HELPED REDUCE SYRIA TO RUBBLE
(Yemeni Security Analyst and RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS) – www.rieas.gr – based in Athens, Greece – (Date of Publication: 9 February 2014)
At the time of the Arab Spring 2011 Syria appeared to be on a similar path to other Arab nations, where people were bravely rebelling against their tyrannical ruling elites while asking for more representative government. However, as the protests turned to a full rebellion in Syria, and Bashar Al-Assad’s military officers began defecting against him, it also came the swift and predictable condemnations for Assad from western humanitarian interventionists. Both former secretary of state Hilary Clinton and Britain’s foreign minister William Hague denounced Assad as no longer the legitimate leader of Syria and a war criminal. Assad responded by calling such condemnations as “provocative” and he turned out to be right. Within days of the denouncement more of Assad’s military defected to the Free Syrian Army, igniting a civil war. Next the Russians were to be the targets of western condemnation as Mrs. Clinton chastised them for not supporting the pro-democracy movement in Syria and continuing to provide weapons to Assad....... Read more
THE RADICAL ISLAMIC GROUPS AND SYRIAN CRISIS
(RIEAS Media Analyst)
The Syria Crisis involves a very dangerous parameter that threats to destabilize the periphery of the Middle East, the radical Islamic groups. They have been complicating the international efforts, especially from USA and Russia, for a settlement on the war between Damascus and Syrian rebels. The radical Islamic groups fight against the regime of authoritarian Syrian president Bashar Assad and have been playing a leading role to the formation of the war’s front.
EGYPT: RENEWED CRISIS AND NEW CHALLENGES
Dr. Alobeid Aref
(Expert in Middle East Affairs)
Although the term Arab Spring has no Arabic origins, millions of Egyptians hoped that their country with the new situation could find its way and face the enormous economic and social problems accumulated during the period (1981-2011). However, mismanagement of national issues, shrinking the geostrategic position of Egypt as the largest Arab and African country, poverty, unemployment , human rights abuses, corruption, the virtual absence of a middle class and immigration were the reasons that led Egyptians to Tahrir Square and toppled the regime of General Mubarak........ Read more