THE MANY FACES OF A JOINT LIFE ENERGY: STRATEGIES AND PROBLEMS
(Security Analyst, RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 4 April 2015
The energy supply continues to be a priority for politics as it did in the past century, except that in the new geopolitics of energy the techniques of hoarding are absolutely changed, as they need to adapt to a changeable consistency of the balance between states. The modernization of the vision is expressed by the tendency not to take possession of the places rich in hydrocarbons, but rather to establish such relationships that enable a shift from property to concession and from concession to the purchase of production...Read more (ENGLISH) and Read more (ITALIAN)
ISRAELI’S PERIPHERY DOCTRINE AND SEARCH FOR MIDDLE EAST ALLIES
Moderator: Bruce Riedel
(Senior Fellow and Director, The Intelligence Project, The Brooking Institution)
(Former Director, Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University)
Copyright: www.brookings.edu (Brookings Institution, USA) Publication Date on RIEAS (www.rieas.gr) on 29 March 2015.
From the mid-1950s, the State of Israel sought alliances with non-Arab and non-Muslim countries and minorities in the Middle East. Israel's strategy of geographically and politically outflanking the hostile Sunni Arab core that surrounded it in its early decades became a pillar of the country's security policy. This "periphery doctrine" for countering Arab hostility faded with the advent of Arab-Israel peace in 1977. But it began to reappear after 2010: the rise of militant political Islam in Egypt, Turkey, Gaza, southern Lebanon and possibly Syria, coupled with the Islamic regime in Iran, has generated concern in Israel that it is again being surrounded by a ring of hostility. By looking at Israel's search for Middle East allies then and now, Periphery explores a key Israeli grand strategy. Written in an accessible manner for all, it provides a better understanding of Israel's role in the Middle East region and its Middle East identity... Read more
LEBANON’S EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE: BETWEEN OPPORTUNITIES AND CONFRONTATION
(General (ret), Political Analyst/Columnist in Addiyar Newspaper, Lebanon)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 5 March 2015
On the tenth of July 2011, Israel adopted a maritime boundarie for its own exclusive economic zone (EEZ) creating an overlapping zone with Lebanon's EEZ sent to the United Nations a year earlier in July 2010. The maritime border dispute between Lebanon and Israel covers an area of 850 square kilometers. The significance and importance of this dispute is related to the discovery of important hydrocarbon resources in the Eastern Mediterranean basin. This new dispute along with Chebaa Farms raised political, legal, and economic issues between the two countries...Read more
PRIME MINISTER NETANYAHU IN THE US CONGRESS: DID THE ENDS JUSTIFY THE MEANS?
(A senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies, served as director of INSS from July 2008 to November 2011, following a long career in Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other government positions).
Copyright: The Institute for National Security Studies (INSS-no 669 March 4, 2015), Israel. Publication date on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 6 March 2015
It is questionable whether the marginal effect that the Netanyahu speech may have on the current course of the negotiations with Iran justified the row, tension, and latest cracks in the personal relations between Obama and Netanyahu, as well as the danger of Israel becoming a political football in the US partisan rivalry between the Democratic and Republican Parties. To be sure, the Netanyahu Congressional speech affair is not yet over. There might be renewed attempts to legislate new laws that aim to limit the administration's ability to conclude an agreement; a refusal by Congress to lift sanctions, even if partially, if an agreement with Iran is reached; and a continuous debate if the negotiations end with no agreement. In either case a dialogue between the governments of Israel and the US will be necessary, and it is hoped that the strident exchanges of recent weeks will not prevent that from taking place.... Read more
CONSENSUS CONTINUES TO BE THE KEY FOR TUNISIA’S POLITICAL SUCCESS STORY
(Editor, Your Middle East)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 26 February 2015
Many have explained Tunisia's democratic success story by referring to the country's consensus seeking political climate. There are many factors behind this continuous compromise seeking policy, which continues to be at the core of Tunisian politics.
It was the 26-year-old Tunisian fruit vendor Mohammed Bouazizi's self-immolation on December 17 2010 that ignited a protest wave that would spread beyond the country's borders. However, it was only in the so-called Arab Spring's birthplace that the revolution not only ousted former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali but also paved the way for a peaceful and stable democratic transition. Today Tunisia is seen as a success story, deemed by watchdog Freedom House as a "Free" country and labelled by the Economist as the only "fully democratic" country in the region. What is the secret behind the Tunisian success story, ask observers. One important element for the country's ability to avoid unrest is the country's commitment to political compromise and inclusive governance, which has been evident throughout the country's post-revolutionary development...Read more
INTERVIEW WITH HRH PRINCE EL HASSAN BIN TALAL of JORDAN
(HRH Prince El Hassan bin Talal of Jordan was Chairman of the UN Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation from 2013 to 2014 and currently chairs the High Level Forum for the Blue Peace Middle East Plan)
Copyright: www.osce.org – Publication Date on RIEAS web site: 15 February 2015.
Waging Peace with Water Water shortages due to climate change and conflicts can spell death and suffering for millions; regional water co-operation, on the other hand, can bring peace. This was the message His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan brought to the OSCE Security Day on water diplomacy held on 8 July 2014 in Vienna... Read more
INTERNATIONAL LAW AND DISPLACED PERSONS
Cecile Abi Tayeh
(PhD Candidate at the National Kapodistrian University of Athens & RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr)
Publication date: 1 February 2015
In a world full of turmoil, the displaced persons are a tragic illustration of the convulsions of the planet. They witnessed all the situations of the war, famine and oppression that lay on the exodus roads millions of uprooted. In the past years, the proliferation of conflict and violent situations resulted in new forced movements of populations that have come to bring a large number of displaced people in the world....Read more
GULF ARAB STATES AND THE JIHADIST WARS OF NO POLITICAL CONSEQUENCE
(European Council on Foreign Relations, Middle East policy fellow Author, The Islamic Utopia: The Illusion of Reform in Saudi Arabia)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 23 December 2014
The Syrian civil war has been the third major jihad of modern times for Gulf Arab states. The first, Afghanistan, was a new experience, the inaugural transnational jihad of the modern era in which Saudi Arabia and the United States jumped into the fray against the Soviet invasion. Each with different motivations, they poured some $20 billion in the fight and Saudi interior ministry may have facilitated travel for anything between 35,000 and 40,000 young men to join in. Sensing Russian weakness, Washington wanted to take the fight to the Soviets, while Al Saud were willing to provide the manpower because of a new turn that Saudi Arabia took in the 1980s: scared by the 1979 Wahhabi revolt at the Grand Mosque in Mecca the regime moved to boost its Islamic credentials. The class of ulama (religious scholars) were given wider powers over society, the kingdom embarked on a programme of global proselytization (printing Qurans and funding mosques), and Saudis were publicly encouraged to join the Afghan jihad. The Mujahideen were public heroes... Read more
THE ARAB TURMOIL AND THE CONFLICT IN THE UKRAINE
(Holds a M.A. & a Ph.D in his field: Israel's national strategy and military doctrine. He has been involved with the study of those subjects, academically and practically for more than 20 years. Dr. Eilam also worked for a few years as a researcher in his expertise for Israel's Ministry of Defense, as a private contractor. He now resides near Boston, USA)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 9 December 2014
There is a certain similarity between the Arab turmoil in the Middle East and the conflict in the Ukraine. This has to do with the resemblance and linkage between Russia and Iran, Turkey and Poland and the nature of the battlefield... Read more
THINK TANKS FOR SALE OR RENT
(President of the Middle East Forum based in USA)
Copyright: http://www.danielpipes.org/ - Publication Date on RIEAS web site: 27/09/2014
In a eyebrow-raising 4,000-word exposé, "Foreign Powers Buy Influence at Think Tanks" published in the New York Times on September 7, Eric Lipton, Brooke Williams and Nicholas Confessore look into the novel issue of foreign governmental financing for American think tanks.
The trio found that while the total scope "is difficult to determine ... since 2011, at least 64 foreign governments, state-controlled entities or government officials have contributed to a group of 28 major United States-based research organizations." Using the sketchy available information, they estimate "a minimum of $92 million in contributions or commitments from overseas government interests over the last four years. The total is certainly more." ... Read more