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middle45Antonia Dimou,
(Senior Advisor at the Research Institute for European and American Studies, Greece, and Lecturer at Webster University, Athens Campus)

Copyright: http://www.cceia.unic.ac.cy Publication date on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 1 November 2015

The conduct of two separate airstrikes in Syria, led by the United States and Russia respectively, comes as part of a strategy to defeat and degrade the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in pursuance of revisiting the international response to the Syrian conflict. The prolonged neglect of the conflict in Syria has admittedly created power vacuums, paving the way for extremist groups to gain and control territory. The prospect of de facto territorial divisions is a reported reality with territory under control of ISIL; territory held by the Assad regime; and territory controlled by enclaves of diverse fighter groups. Read more

ira15Alexandros Kassidiaris
(Security Analyst, Postgraduate from the Department of War Studies, King's College London, UK)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 October 2015

The phenomenon of piracy attacks in the Horn of Africa against commercial vessels by mostly Somali-based pirates is not a new one. From 2008 to 2012 this kind of assaults presented an excessive incline creating a major problem for international commercial shipping in this part of East Africa and onwards. The continuous instability in this area and the strong feeling of insecurity and anxiety of the seafarers sailing through this route and especially in the Gulf of Aden created a certain necessity for some official anti-piracy action. Under those circumstances a specific region has been characterized as the Piracy High Risk Area and detailed instructions have been issued for the ships that would approach it.... Read more

memapTamir Libel
(Visiting Scholar in the Department of Political Studies at University of Trier and Non-resident Fellow with the Centre for War Studies at University College Dublin)

Kamran Bokhari
(Teaches national security and foreign policy courses at the Security & Policy Institute at the University of Ottawa and is the author of "Political Islam in the Age of Democratization")

Copyright: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/09/iran-israel-communication.html#ixzz3ngCI9dcX - Publication on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 6 October 2015.

There are two major reasons why Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu should pull back from his hard-line opposition to the Iranian nuclear deal. First, Iran is on a path toward international rehabilitation, whereby the United States and its European allies will increasingly be working with Tehran on regional security in the Middle East. Second, geosectarianism is reshaping the regional strategic environment to where the bulk of the threat to Israeli security will be from Sunni as opposed to Shiite actors... Read more

arabpeaceinitiativeBy Efraim Sneh
(Chairman, S. Daniel Abraham Center for Strategic Dialogue, Netanya Academic College).

Copyright: Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East Publication Date on RIEAS (www.rieas.gr): 6th September 2015

In March 2002, one of the bloodiest months of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud presented the Arab Peace Initiative. The Arab League summit that convened in Beirut that month adopted it as an official resolution. Representatives at the March 2007 Arab League summit in Riyadh reaffirmed the initiative.

The core of the proposal is a commitment by the 22 Arab countries to normalize relations with Israel if it agrees to withdraw from the territories occupied in the 1967 war, to a just solution of the Palestinian refugee issue and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state....Read more

egyptphotoMayda I. Youssef
(RIEAS Research Associate & Security Analyst based in Cairo, Egypt)

Copyright, Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) – Publication date: 2 August 2015

Egypt has been facing a rising bombing wave that is not only hitting Sinai, but also hitting Cairo at its core. Fortunately, IS's affiliated Islamic extremists "Ansar Beit El Maqds", based in Sinai, claim responsibility for nearly all of the attacks that take place, giving the state a sign of who its immediate enemies are.

However, in order to be able to set a counter-terror strategy, one should analyze the past incidents that definitely shock the Egyptian society. It also succeeded in establishing an image of an unstable and weak regime, not only to the international community, but also to Egyptian civilians...Read more

egyptphotoMayda Youssef
(Political Analyst based in Cairo, Egypt)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 June 2015

Introduction

Following the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in 1981, Mohamed Hosni Mubarak took office ruling under emergency law.
Mubarak ruled Egypt for nearly 30 years during which the population grew by 90% from 45 million to 85 million according to the UN. The vast majority of Egyptians live in the limited area near the Nile River banks, which is an area about 40,000 square kilometers, where the only arable land is found and competing with the need of human habitations...Read more

middle45Ehud Eilam Ph.D
(Analyst of Israel's national security, based near Boston, USA)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 7 June 2015

Israel, the United States and Sunni – led Arab states are worried that Iran might produce nuclear weapon, the Bomb. An agreement between the P5 + 1 and Iran about the latter's nuclear program would prevent Israel from attacking Iran. Yet if the latter ignores this accord Israel might attack. Sunni – led Arab states, mostly those in the Gulf could assist Israel....Read more

kurdistan15Nicholas Borroz
( Washington D.C. based analyst of energy geopolitics and investment strategies, specializing in Southeast Asia and the Middle East)

Egemen B. Bezci
(Doctoral Researcher in the University of Nottingham focusing on secret intelligence cooperation between Turkey and the West)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 31 May 2015.

A Mossad agent drinks coffee in one corner of the cafe, making small talk with Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps members the next table over. American soldiers, meanwhile, play cards with Turkish intelligence officers. Two Iraqi security officials walk over, one comments on the Americans' dwindling poker chips, then both sit down to watch how the hand plays out. This is the Iraqi Kurdish capital of Erbil, and this is precisely how the Iraqi Kurds want it to be...Read more

kurdistan29Gabriele Leone
(Security Analyst, RIEAS Research Associate)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 7 May 2015

Under what circumstances did the Kurdish question take its current dimensions? Since when and why it stands as such? What are the tools that have allowed it to extend? In an attempt to answer these questions we need to analyze the history of the Anatolian from the end of the Ottoman Empire to the present day. The end of World War I finds the pointing of the "Kurdish issue" which is used uses as a tool of execution for the implementation of the system of capitulation. Using this tool, the western states were able to create the situation due to which Kurdistan was snapped like a piece of bread from the neighbouring states... Read more (English) & Read more (Italian)

libyatodayMarina Eleftheriadou (Ph.D)
(Research Associate/ Senior Editor, Centre for Mediterranean, Middle East & Islamic Studies (CEMMIS)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 21 April 2015

The power struggle within the salafi-jihadist movement continues to stir the 'jihadsphere'. Al-Baghdadi's open challenge to the salafi-jihadi status quo peaked with his June 2014 claim to the Caliphate, which further gnawed the failing power of al-Qaeda that until recently was the dominant power in the salafi-jihadi sub-system. ISIS' recent attempts towards 'remaining and expanding' beyond the Syria-Iraq front, as its strategic design dictates, constitute a further escalation of the intra-jihadi power struggle that directly challenges al-Qaeda's unipolar claim to jihadi branding and franchise. The flurry of declarations of support and bay'ah (to al-Zawahiri or al-Baghdadi) has been dichotomizing the salafi-jihadi movement between loyal to al-Qaeda forces and the 'defectors' to the self-proclaimed Islamic State; thus, sealing the increasing bipolarity in the jihadi sub-system...Read more

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