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saudimap16Paul Kotsonis
(RIEAS Research Associate)

Copyright: https://politicsofdevelopmentblog.wordpress.com - Publication at RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 16 April 2016

Since 2011, the Arab world was filled with violent conflict; in Tunisia the self-sacrifice of Muhammad Bouazizi rose protests which were later followed by the fleeing of President Ben Ali and the subsequent election of Islamist Nahda party; in Libya an uprising started in Benghazi against the country's leader Qaddafi and was followed by military intervention of the UN and later the death of Quaddafi leading to the elections held in 2012; In Egypt rising protests lead Hosni Mubarak to transfer emergency powers to the military; protests and armed conflict also started taking place in Syria and Yemen (Economist, 2016a)...Read more

syriankurdistan16Dr Spyridon Plakoudas
(Defence Analyst, RIEAS Research Associate)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 March 2016

Syria: A Divided Country

After five years of sectarian violence, the country has been reduced to rubble and partitioned de facto in several warring statelets: a) the titular state of Syria under Assad that still controls the populous urban centres of eastern Syria along the Damascus-Latakia central road, b) a mosaic of dominions and enclaves under the shaky rule of the anti-Assad opposition in northern and southern Syria, c) the sprawling jihadist state in the eastern Syrian desert under the black banner of the Islamic State and d) an almost continuous Kurdish state along the long Turkish-Syrian frontier. A few days ago, the Kurds of Syria proclaimed the establishment of a federal government in northern Syria – in stark defiance to Turkey's stern opposition to a second independent Kurdish entity...Read more

jordanphotoBy Antonia Dimou
(Associate at the Center for Strategic Studies-University of Jordan, RIEAS Senior Advisor, and Athens Webster University Instructor)

Copyright: Originally appeared at ELIAMEP Middle East Mediterranean 2/4 | April-June 2015- Republication on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 14 November 2015.

Jordan is a free market oriented economy that offers a wide range of incentives to international investors. The kingdom's Investment Promotion Law provides freedoms from customs and duties, unrestricted transfer of capital and profits, and tax income exemptions. Jordan is thus considered as an ideal base of investment braced by its strategic location in the heart of the Middle East that ensures unimpeded access to the markets of Asia and Africa. The growth oriented business environment of the kingdom largely explains the interest of Greek companies either to advance exports or transfer activities and open representation offices for investment security, stability and cash flow reasons...Read more

middle45Antonia Dimou,
(Senior Advisor at the Research Institute for European and American Studies, Greece, and Lecturer at Webster University, Athens Campus)

Copyright: http://www.cceia.unic.ac.cy Publication date on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 1 November 2015

The conduct of two separate airstrikes in Syria, led by the United States and Russia respectively, comes as part of a strategy to defeat and degrade the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in pursuance of revisiting the international response to the Syrian conflict. The prolonged neglect of the conflict in Syria has admittedly created power vacuums, paving the way for extremist groups to gain and control territory. The prospect of de facto territorial divisions is a reported reality with territory under control of ISIL; territory held by the Assad regime; and territory controlled by enclaves of diverse fighter groups. Read more

ira15Alexandros Kassidiaris
(Security Analyst, Postgraduate from the Department of War Studies, King's College London, UK)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 October 2015

The phenomenon of piracy attacks in the Horn of Africa against commercial vessels by mostly Somali-based pirates is not a new one. From 2008 to 2012 this kind of assaults presented an excessive incline creating a major problem for international commercial shipping in this part of East Africa and onwards. The continuous instability in this area and the strong feeling of insecurity and anxiety of the seafarers sailing through this route and especially in the Gulf of Aden created a certain necessity for some official anti-piracy action. Under those circumstances a specific region has been characterized as the Piracy High Risk Area and detailed instructions have been issued for the ships that would approach it.... Read more

memapTamir Libel
(Visiting Scholar in the Department of Political Studies at University of Trier and Non-resident Fellow with the Centre for War Studies at University College Dublin)

Kamran Bokhari
(Teaches national security and foreign policy courses at the Security & Policy Institute at the University of Ottawa and is the author of "Political Islam in the Age of Democratization")

Copyright: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/09/iran-israel-communication.html#ixzz3ngCI9dcX - Publication on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 6 October 2015.

There are two major reasons why Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu should pull back from his hard-line opposition to the Iranian nuclear deal. First, Iran is on a path toward international rehabilitation, whereby the United States and its European allies will increasingly be working with Tehran on regional security in the Middle East. Second, geosectarianism is reshaping the regional strategic environment to where the bulk of the threat to Israeli security will be from Sunni as opposed to Shiite actors... Read more

arabpeaceinitiativeBy Efraim Sneh
(Chairman, S. Daniel Abraham Center for Strategic Dialogue, Netanya Academic College).

Copyright: Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East Publication Date on RIEAS (www.rieas.gr): 6th September 2015

In March 2002, one of the bloodiest months of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud presented the Arab Peace Initiative. The Arab League summit that convened in Beirut that month adopted it as an official resolution. Representatives at the March 2007 Arab League summit in Riyadh reaffirmed the initiative.

The core of the proposal is a commitment by the 22 Arab countries to normalize relations with Israel if it agrees to withdraw from the territories occupied in the 1967 war, to a just solution of the Palestinian refugee issue and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state....Read more

egyptphotoMayda I. Youssef
(RIEAS Research Associate & Security Analyst based in Cairo, Egypt)

Copyright, Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) – Publication date: 2 August 2015

Egypt has been facing a rising bombing wave that is not only hitting Sinai, but also hitting Cairo at its core. Fortunately, IS's affiliated Islamic extremists "Ansar Beit El Maqds", based in Sinai, claim responsibility for nearly all of the attacks that take place, giving the state a sign of who its immediate enemies are.

However, in order to be able to set a counter-terror strategy, one should analyze the past incidents that definitely shock the Egyptian society. It also succeeded in establishing an image of an unstable and weak regime, not only to the international community, but also to Egyptian civilians...Read more

egyptphotoMayda Youssef
(Political Analyst based in Cairo, Egypt)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 June 2015

Introduction

Following the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in 1981, Mohamed Hosni Mubarak took office ruling under emergency law.
Mubarak ruled Egypt for nearly 30 years during which the population grew by 90% from 45 million to 85 million according to the UN. The vast majority of Egyptians live in the limited area near the Nile River banks, which is an area about 40,000 square kilometers, where the only arable land is found and competing with the need of human habitations...Read more

middle45Ehud Eilam Ph.D
(Analyst of Israel's national security, based near Boston, USA)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 7 June 2015

Israel, the United States and Sunni – led Arab states are worried that Iran might produce nuclear weapon, the Bomb. An agreement between the P5 + 1 and Iran about the latter's nuclear program would prevent Israel from attacking Iran. Yet if the latter ignores this accord Israel might attack. Sunni – led Arab states, mostly those in the Gulf could assist Israel....Read more

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