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terrorism76Yoram Schweitzer

(An expert on international terrorism and head of the INSS Program on Terrorism and Low Intensity Conflict, has been a researcher at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), which incorporated the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies (JCSS), since February 2003, following a distinguished career in the Israeli intelligence community as well as in the academic world).

Oded Eran

(A senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies, served as director of INSS from July 2008 to November 2011, following a long career in Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other government positions).

Copyright: The Institute for National Security Studies (INSS-no 654), Israel

The shock that gripped France following the terrorist attacks in Paris in early January 2015 will probably wane as time passes. Similarly, the urgency assigned to effective handling of the danger originating on the battlefields of Syria and Iraq that threatens Western democracies will likely decline. The need to take up the challenge will be postponed to a time when the leaders of Western countries have no choice but to deal with it directly, on a broad scale, and perhaps violently. Presumably only a chain of exceptional events, i.e., showcase terrorist attacks that cause a large number of casualties, will unequivocally highlight the risk incurred in not stepping up the military struggle against the challenge to the West posed by the Islamic State organization... Read more

khalidAya Burweila
(RIEAS Senior Analyst)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 1 October 2014


On September 12, ISIS established an agreement with moderate-in-comparison Syrian rebels to not fight each other so that they can focus on destroying the Syrian government. As early as 2013, Jane's Intelligence had already established that nearly half of the Syrian rebels were jihadis affiliated with al-Qaeda, Jabhat al Nursra and ISIS. As Charles Lister observed, "The insurgency is now dominated by groups which have at least an Islamist viewpoint on the conflict. The idea that it is mostly secular groups leading the opposition is just not borne out." In retrospect, the "Free Syrian Army" was nothing more than "a Qatari myth." Regardless, on September 18, the Senate passed a redundant bill supporting Obama's plan to fund, train and arm the mysterious 'moderate' Syrian rebels –ostensibly to battle the Islamic State and the Syrian government. Displaying his characteristic indifference to reality, upon the bill's passing, Obama declared, "When you harm our citizens, when you threaten the United States, when you threaten our allies, it doesn't divide us, it unites us."...Read more

N
ote: Copyright of the photo: "The Coalition" by Khalid Albaih - Read more about him in his interview here http://m.aljazeera.com/story/2014329121856777563 & follow him here about.me/khalidalbaih
isis14Quentin de Pimodan
(Author based in the Middle East)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 8 September 2014

Al Baghdadi's major strategic failure has been his choice of the Fertile Crescent as the region for the establishment of his Khilafa. His dream of reestablishing a Sunni caliphate with roots in Iraq and Syria will eventually be crushed by the field's realities and only exposes his own lack of knowledge about the region. Not that a Sunni leadership would be impossible to carry on the lands of the ancient Omayyad and Abbasid's caliphates , but rather the intransigence and intolerance he, and his followers are using in order to realize it..... Read more

Simeon H.O. Alozieuwa, PhD
(Department of Defense and Security Studies, Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Abuja, Nigeria)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies – www.rieas.gr  - based in Athens, Greece. (Publication Date: 10 March 2014)

Introduction

Until lately, discourse on piracy in Africa revolved around the criminal activities by the hijackers in the East African waters, and symbolized mainly by their illicit activities around the Gulf of Eden and Somali Basin. The recently-released “Captain Phillips” a Hollywood portrayal of the 2009 hijacking of the MV Maersk Alabama by Somali pirates off the coast of Somalia perhaps illustrates rather poignantly this type of criminality in the region.

The face of piracy in Africa has however assumed a new dimension.  A 2013 report by the South African-based Institute for Security Studies (ISS), notes that just as large scale piracy around the Somali Basin appears on the wane, there has been an increase in piracy incidents off the West African coast, particularly, the Gulf of Guinea. Unlike the Gulf of Eden -Somali Basin piracy which revolves around commercial fishing activities and ransom, the new face of piracy in Africa around the Gulf of Guinea is about oil. .... Read more

Prof Alozieuwa Simeon Onyemachi Hilary
(Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Abuja, Nigeria)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS) - www.rieas.gr – based in Athens, Greece (Date of Publication: 25 January 2014)

Nigeria has come under serious security challenge in the last couples of years. The security dilemma is epitomized by the Jamatu’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’wati wal-Jihad, (People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teaching and Jihad) or its faction, Ansaru- all generically known as the Boko Haram (Western civilization is forbidden). …  Read more

Aguezeala Alban Chimezie
(Postgraduate Researcher, University of Indianapolis, Athens Campus)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Nigeria a great African nation is facing serious security challenges during the last few years. These challenges not only threaten the lives and property of its citizenry but also have implications for its territorial integrity as well as well for the entire global system. Unarguably one of the major security challenges confronting Nigeria today is the Boko Haram insurgency. Perhaps what Gregory Ochiagha calls ‘the emerging culture of death’ has assumed eccentric and ludicrous proportion in Nigeria given the activities of the Boko Haram insurgents......  Read more

Prof. Anis H. Bajrektarevic
(Chairman of the Intl. Law & Global Pol. Studies and the author of the forthcoming book ‘Is there life after Facebook’, Addleton Academic Publishers, NY & RIEAS Member of International Advisory Board)

Copyright: www.europeworld.org

There is a claim currently circulating the EU, both cynical and misleading: ‘multiculturalism is dead in Europe’. No wonder, as the conglomerate of nation-states/EU has silently handed over one of its most important debates – that of European identity – to the wing-parties, recently followed by the several selective and contra-productive foreign policy actions...  Read more

The geometry of a relationship after the Arab Spring

Marina Eleftheriadou
(PhD candidate, Department of Political Science & International Relations, University of Peloponnese. Co-editor of the Centre for Mediterranean, Middle East and Islamic Studies (cemmis.edu.gr). The doctoral research, of which this paper is part, has been co-financed by the European Union (European Social Fund – ESF) and Greek national funds through the Operational Program "Education and Lifelong Learning" of the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) - Research Funding Program: Heracleitus II.)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

The beauty in the simplicity of the “no war without Egypt, no peace without Syria” dictum has lent it an axiomatic importance among the scholars of the Middle Eastern affairs. However, while Kissinger’s apothegm, for decades, was used to discuss Syria’s role as a spoiler in the Arab-Israeli or Palestinian-Israeli peace process, the newly created uncertainties regarding Cairo’s  internal  dynamics,  formal  and  informal  policies  vis-à-vis  Israel  and  the  various Palestinian constituencies have brought Egypt back in the headlines. For 30 years the peace treaty signed by Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin has spared Israel from problems stemming from its south-western borders, providing Tel Aviv with a secure rear while facing challenges from Syria and Lebanon and the Palestinian groups from inside and outside Palestine. When Hamas took over Gaza, the importance of Egyptian non-hostility became increasingly important as Cairo in fact collaborated with Israel in the latter’s effort to put pressure on Hamas in military, economic and political terms.....  Read more

Prof. Daniel Pipes
(Director, Middle East Forum, USA)





Copyright:
http://www.danielpipes.org/12298/dictators-elected-islamists

Who is worse, President Mohamed Morsi, the elected Islamist seeking to apply Islamic law in Egypt, or President Husni Mubarak, the former dictator ousted for trying to start a dynasty? More broadly will a liberal, democratic order more likely emerge under Islamist ideologues who prevail through the ballot box or from greedy dictators with no particular agenda beyond their own survival and power?  Read more

Daniel Little
(RIEAS Senior Advisor)

Copyright: www.rieas.gr

Security prognostication can be a tricky undertaking.  That is why a clear distinction must be made between what is accepted as fact and the inference of where future possibilities lie.  Such is the case for Mediterranean piracy.  As opposed to piracy anywhere else, the Mediterranean deserves future consideration for a myriad of reasons.  As isolated issues, the Eurozone, fledgling ‘Arab Spring’ governments, illicit trafficking and terror have select, dedicated audiences that sift, analyze and construe significance specifically tailored to their sponsors.  Having stated this up front it is entirely plausible that as a whole, Mediterranean piracy could eventually surpass similar events occurring around the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Guinea and the Strait of Malacca.  As a result, the prognostication I intend to explain is how and why a sophisticated matrix of large-scale theft and extortion might have an added dimension of graphic attacks on Mediterranean vessels. ... Read more   

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