GLOBAL JIHAD: AN OVERVIEW
(RIEAS Senior Analyst)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 March 2016
Only three months into the year, no less than 27 countries across the globe have come under jihadi attack. Mujahideen working for groups or as lone wolves have carried out attacks in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, North Africa and East Asia.
A new chapter in a very old war, today in Europe, the enemy is no longer at the Gates of Vienna, the enemy is already within the gates...Read more
THE IRAN AND SAUDI ARABIA CONFLICT: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES
Sohail Mahmood (PhD)
(Member, RIEAS International Advisory Board)
Copyright @ 2016 Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) – Publication date: 10 January 2016
The Shia cleric Nimr al Nimr was among the 47 execution on January 2, 2016. Nimr's execution had resulted in Shia protests in several countries of the region. He was a fierce critic of the Saudi rulers and had once even advocated the establishment of a separate Shia state in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia which had a large Shia population. Iran had quickly promised revenge for the execution and so did the Shia Houthis in Yemen. After the execution of Nimr protesters in Tehran responded by torching part of the Saudi Embassy. On January 3, 2016, Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir announced Saudi Arabia was severing ties with Iran. Bahrain had also announced it will sever ties with Iran. Both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia were close U.S. allies. Sudan and the UAE also joined in though the UAE's action was limited to downgrading diplomatic relations....Read more
BUHARI’S POST ELECTIONS CHALLENGES ON TACKLING BOKO HARAM
(PhD candidate at the Free State University of South Africa & RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 5 May 2015
Nigerians celebrated the electrifying victory returned one of its harshest former dictators to power, sobering challenges confront Muhammadu Buhari. Buhari warned the country's brutal Boko Haram insurgents that he would be coming after them. The victory of Muhammadu Buhari, in the March presidential poll, was viewed as a landmark - the first time a sitting president had been voted out of office. Equally important was incumbent Goodluck Jonathan's acceptance of defeat - not a given on a continent in which rulers have often gone to great lengths to retain power. He won 52.4 percent of ballots cast in a March 28-29 vote to unseat President Goodluck Jonathan and his People's Democratic Party, the first lawful transition of power since British colonial rule ended in 1960. Buhari's inauguration is scheduled for May 29 2015...Read more
AFRICA’S MIGRATION CHALLENGE: AN INTERVIEW WITH HUSSEIN SOLOMON
(Professor Hussein Solomon lectures in the Department of Political Studies and Governance at the University of the Free State, Republic of South Africa and is a Member of the Advisory Board of the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS).
Copyright: Africa Center for Strategic Studies (Updated: 04/23/2015)
Recent weeks have revealed a long-building crisis of African migration. In South Africa, xenophobic attacks against mainly African immigrants erupted across several cities prompting the South African government to deploy the military as a deterrent. Following the terrorist attack in the northeastern town of Garissa, the Kenyan government has told the United Nations to close down the Dadaab refugee camp, which houses close to 450,000 Somali refugees. In the Mediterranean, warmer weather has brought a steady stream of vessels transporting migrants desperately attempting to enter Europe. The capsizing of a ship off the coast of Libya, killing an estimated 850 would-be refugees, represents the single worst migrant disaster in the Mediterranean. Many of those trying to make the crossing are fleeing conflict and political repression in places like South Sudan, Eritrea, and Ethiopia... Read more .
BOOK REVIEW: MORTEN STORM WITH PAUL CRUICHSHANK & TIM LISTER, “AGENT STORM: MY LIFE INSIDE AL QAEDA AND THE CIA (2014)”
By Ioannis Mantzikos
(PhD candidate at the Free State University of South Africa & RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: http://warontherocks.com/2014/11/joining-and-betraying-al-qaeda-a-how-to-guide/ Publication Date on RIEAS (www.rieas.gr) on 5 March 2015
Agent Storm feels like a James Bond story or one of John Le Carre's marvelous spy-thrillers. Yet, the story written by CNN's Paul Cruickshank and Tim Lister is a true account. The journey of Morten Storm provides valuable insights into high-stakes intelligence operations, as well as the social issues surrounding radicalization and extremism. It is a first-rate account of how a troubled young Danish Christian, with a history of petty criminality, incarceration and drug use converted to Islam and entered into its most extremist jihadi circles in Denmark and Britain, ultimately becoming a trusted member of al-Qaeda (AQ). Storm represents the highest level of Western intelligence penetration of AQ's most dangerous affiliate – al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, or AQAP...Read more
THE TERROR ATTACKS IN PARIS: TIP OF THE ICEBERG OR A PASSING EPISODE?
(An expert on international terrorism and head of the INSS Program on Terrorism and Low Intensity Conflict, has been a researcher at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), which incorporated the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies (JCSS), since February 2003, following a distinguished career in the Israeli intelligence community as well as in the academic world).
(A senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies, served as director of INSS from July 2008 to November 2011, following a long career in Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other government positions).
Copyright: The Institute for National Security Studies (INSS-no 654), Israel
The shock that gripped France following the terrorist attacks in Paris in early January 2015 will probably wane as time passes. Similarly, the urgency assigned to effective handling of the danger originating on the battlefields of Syria and Iraq that threatens Western democracies will likely decline. The need to take up the challenge will be postponed to a time when the leaders of Western countries have no choice but to deal with it directly, on a broad scale, and perhaps violently. Presumably only a chain of exceptional events, i.e., showcase terrorist attacks that cause a large number of casualties, will unequivocally highlight the risk incurred in not stepping up the military struggle against the challenge to the West posed by the Islamic State organization... Read more
HOW TO LOSE A WAR: WHEN YOUR ALLIES AID YOUR ENEMIES
(RIEAS Senior Analyst)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 1 October 2014
On September 12, ISIS established an agreement with moderate-in-comparison Syrian rebels to not fight each other so that they can focus on destroying the Syrian government. As early as 2013, Jane's Intelligence had already established that nearly half of the Syrian rebels were jihadis affiliated with al-Qaeda, Jabhat al Nursra and ISIS. As Charles Lister observed, "The insurgency is now dominated by groups which have at least an Islamist viewpoint on the conflict. The idea that it is mostly secular groups leading the opposition is just not borne out." In retrospect, the "Free Syrian Army" was nothing more than "a Qatari myth." Regardless, on September 18, the Senate passed a redundant bill supporting Obama's plan to fund, train and arm the mysterious 'moderate' Syrian rebels –ostensibly to battle the Islamic State and the Syrian government. Displaying his characteristic indifference to reality, upon the bill's passing, Obama declared, "When you harm our citizens, when you threaten the United States, when you threaten our allies, it doesn't divide us, it unites us."...Read more
Note: Copyright of the photo: "The Coalition" by Khalid Albaih - Read more about him in his interview here http://m.aljazeera.com/story/2014329121856777563 & follow him here about.me/khalidalbaih
RIEAS Exclusive: (THE COLLAPSE OF ISIS IS IMMINENT AND INEVITABLE. THE QUESTION IS: HOW WILL IT HAPPEN?)
(Author based in the Middle East)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication Date: 8 September 2014
Al Baghdadi's major strategic failure has been his choice of the Fertile Crescent as the region for the establishment of his Khilafa. His dream of reestablishing a Sunni caliphate with roots in Iraq and Syria will eventually be crushed by the field's realities and only exposes his own lack of knowledge about the region. Not that a Sunni leadership would be impossible to carry on the lands of the ancient Omayyad and Abbasid's caliphates , but rather the intransigence and intolerance he, and his followers are using in order to realize it..... Read more
THE SHAPE OF THINGS TO COME: MILITANTS AND PIRACY IN THE GULF OF GUINEA IN NIGERIA’S POST NIGER DELTA ERA
Simeon H.O. Alozieuwa, PhD
(Department of Defense and Security Studies, Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Abuja, Nigeria)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies – www.rieas.gr - based in Athens, Greece. (Publication Date: 10 March 2014)
Until lately, discourse on piracy in Africa revolved around the criminal activities by the hijackers in the East African waters, and symbolized mainly by their illicit activities around the Gulf of Eden and Somali Basin. The recently-released “Captain Phillips” a Hollywood portrayal of the 2009 hijacking of the MV Maersk Alabama by Somali pirates off the coast of Somalia perhaps illustrates rather poignantly this type of criminality in the region.
The face of piracy in Africa has however assumed a new dimension. A 2013 report by the South African-based Institute for Security Studies (ISS), notes that just as large scale piracy around the Somali Basin appears on the wane, there has been an increase in piracy incidents off the West African coast, particularly, the Gulf of Guinea. Unlike the Gulf of Eden -Somali Basin piracy which revolves around commercial fishing activities and ransom, the new face of piracy in Africa around the Gulf of Guinea is about oil. .... Read more
UNDERSTANDING THE BOKO HARAM CRISIS IN NIGERIA: A LENTICULAR PERSPECTIVE
Prof Alozieuwa Simeon Onyemachi Hilary
(Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Abuja, Nigeria)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS) - www.rieas.gr – based in Athens, Greece (Date of Publication: 25 January 2014)
Nigeria has come under serious security challenge in the last couples of years. The security dilemma is epitomized by the Jamatu’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’wati wal-Jihad, (People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teaching and Jihad) or its faction, Ansaru- all generically known as the Boko Haram (Western civilization is forbidden). … Read more