EGYPT'S WAR AGAINST ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION
Dr. Shaul shay (Col Res)
(Director of research of the Institute for Policy and Strategy and a senior research fellow of the International Policy Institute for counter Terrorism (ICT) at the Interdisciplinary Center Herzeliya (IDC), Israel. Dr. Shay was the deputy head of the National Security Council (NSC) of Israel.).
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) -Publication date: 28 January 2017
Illegal immigration via Egyptian Mediterranean Sea shores rose over the past few years in attempts to reach Europe and flee civil wars and difficult economic conditions...Read more
THE DAMS WAR: HOW WATER SCARCITY HELPED CREATE ISIS AND WHY COMBATING IT WOULD UNDO IT
Quantin de Pimodan
(Co-author of The Khaleeji Voice, six-part book series about each of the GCC nations and their respective urban art cultures)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 10 December 2016
In “Peak Water: How We Built Civilisation on Water and Drained the World Dryi”, Alexander Bell narrates what he calls the first war in human history that takes place around 2450 BC in Mesopotamia in today’s Iraq. This war was fought between two city-kingdoms, the Lagash and the Umma, both kingdoms of Sumerian civilization. The Lagash were found northwest of the Euphrates’ shores with its spiritual center of Girsu while upstream, of the same river, Umma is located, looking at its southern rival with much envy for its access to water. Read more
THE ATTRACTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF FEDERALISM FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
Habib C. Malik (PhD)
(Associate Professor of History at the Lebanese American University (Byblos campus).
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 April 2016
As the Middle East continues to unravel along ethno-sectarian and tribal lines creative federal solutions for the resulting mess have come increasingly under consideration. The primordial communal aggregates of the heterogeneous region have resurfaced with a vengeance necessitating new formulations for future peaceful coexistence among them after the dust has settled. As a consequence, this might signify that the heyday of the unitary state structure as it has prevailed over decades in places like Syria and Iraq under the Baath is now behind us. Logically, federal arrangements applied to composite societies offer optimal chances for accommodating diversity within a unified state entity, while simultaneously safeguarding the distinctiveness and autonomy of the various communal components constituting the existing pluralism. Some of the most successful countries around the world happen to be federally structured: Switzerland, Canada, the United States, Germany, others...Read more
AUTHORITARIANISM AND THE MILITARY:THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA
(RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: https://politicsofdevelopmentblog.wordpress.com - Publication at RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 16 April 2016
Since 2011, the Arab world was filled with violent conflict; in Tunisia the self-sacrifice of Muhammad Bouazizi rose protests which were later followed by the fleeing of President Ben Ali and the subsequent election of Islamist Nahda party; in Libya an uprising started in Benghazi against the country's leader Qaddafi and was followed by military intervention of the UN and later the death of Quaddafi leading to the elections held in 2012; In Egypt rising protests lead Hosni Mubarak to transfer emergency powers to the military; protests and armed conflict also started taking place in Syria and Yemen (Economist, 2016a)...Read more
THE SYRIAN KURDS: THE OUTSIDER IN THE SYRIAN WAR
Dr Spyridon Plakoudas
(Defence Analyst, RIEAS Research Associate)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 March 2016
Syria: A Divided Country
After five years of sectarian violence, the country has been reduced to rubble and partitioned de facto in several warring statelets: a) the titular state of Syria under Assad that still controls the populous urban centres of eastern Syria along the Damascus-Latakia central road, b) a mosaic of dominions and enclaves under the shaky rule of the anti-Assad opposition in northern and southern Syria, c) the sprawling jihadist state in the eastern Syrian desert under the black banner of the Islamic State and d) an almost continuous Kurdish state along the long Turkish-Syrian frontier. A few days ago, the Kurds of Syria proclaimed the establishment of a federal government in northern Syria – in stark defiance to Turkey's stern opposition to a second independent Kurdish entity...Read more
JORDAN AS GATEWAY TO GREEK BUSINESSES
By Antonia Dimou
(Associate at the Center for Strategic Studies-University of Jordan, RIEAS Senior Advisor, and Athens Webster University Instructor)
Copyright: Originally appeared at ELIAMEP Middle East Mediterranean 2/4 | April-June 2015- Republication on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 14 November 2015.
Jordan is a free market oriented economy that offers a wide range of incentives to international investors. The kingdom's Investment Promotion Law provides freedoms from customs and duties, unrestricted transfer of capital and profits, and tax income exemptions. Jordan is thus considered as an ideal base of investment braced by its strategic location in the heart of the Middle East that ensures unimpeded access to the markets of Asia and Africa. The growth oriented business environment of the kingdom largely explains the interest of Greek companies either to advance exports or transfer activities and open representation offices for investment security, stability and cash flow reasons...Read more
MIDEAST REGIONAL CHESS GAMES FOR STRONG PLAYERS:THE CASE OF ISIL
(Senior Advisor at the Research Institute for European and American Studies, Greece, and Lecturer at Webster University, Athens Campus)
Copyright: http://www.cceia.unic.ac.cy Publication date on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 1 November 2015
The conduct of two separate airstrikes in Syria, led by the United States and Russia respectively, comes as part of a strategy to defeat and degrade the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in pursuance of revisiting the international response to the Syrian conflict. The prolonged neglect of the conflict in Syria has admittedly created power vacuums, paving the way for extremist groups to gain and control territory. The prospect of de facto territorial divisions is a reported reality with territory under control of ISIL; territory held by the Assad regime; and territory controlled by enclaves of diverse fighter groups. Read more
PIRACY IN THE HORN OF AFRICA AND POSSIBLE OUTCOMES OF THE HIGH RISK AREA REVISION
(Security Analyst, Postgraduate from the Department of War Studies, King's College London, UK)
Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 24 October 2015
The phenomenon of piracy attacks in the Horn of Africa against commercial vessels by mostly Somali-based pirates is not a new one. From 2008 to 2012 this kind of assaults presented an excessive incline creating a major problem for international commercial shipping in this part of East Africa and onwards. The continuous instability in this area and the strong feeling of insecurity and anxiety of the seafarers sailing through this route and especially in the Gulf of Aden created a certain necessity for some official anti-piracy action. Under those circumstances a specific region has been characterized as the Piracy High Risk Area and detailed instructions have been issued for the ships that would approach it.... Read more
WHAT ISRAEL SHOULD DO ABOUT IRAN
(Visiting Scholar in the Department of Political Studies at University of Trier and Non-resident Fellow with the Centre for War Studies at University College Dublin)
(Teaches national security and foreign policy courses at the Security & Policy Institute at the University of Ottawa and is the author of "Political Islam in the Age of Democratization")
Copyright: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/09/iran-israel-communication.html#ixzz3ngCI9dcX - Publication on RIEAS web site (www.rieas.gr) on 6 October 2015.
There are two major reasons why Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu should pull back from his hard-line opposition to the Iranian nuclear deal. First, Iran is on a path toward international rehabilitation, whereby the United States and its European allies will increasingly be working with Tehran on regional security in the Middle East. Second, geosectarianism is reshaping the regional strategic environment to where the bulk of the threat to Israeli security will be from Sunni as opposed to Shiite actors... Read more
RIYADH NEEDS TO ADD “SECURITY ANNEX” TO ARAB PEACE INITIATIVE
By Efraim Sneh
(Chairman, S. Daniel Abraham Center for Strategic Dialogue, Netanya Academic College).
Copyright: Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East Publication Date on RIEAS (www.rieas.gr): 6th September 2015
In March 2002, one of the bloodiest months of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud presented the Arab Peace Initiative. The Arab League summit that convened in Beirut that month adopted it as an official resolution. Representatives at the March 2007 Arab League summit in Riyadh reaffirmed the initiative.
The core of the proposal is a commitment by the 22 Arab countries to normalize relations with Israel if it agrees to withdraw from the territories occupied in the 1967 war, to a just solution of the Palestinian refugee issue and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state....Read more